Error, indeed, is never set forth in its naked deformity, lest, being thus exposed, it should at once be detected. But it is craftily decked out in an attractive dress, so as, by its outward form, to make it appear to the inexperienced (ridiculous as the expression may seem) more true than the truth itself. - Irenaeus

Tuesday, September 21, 2010

Mosque in Rome

Churches are banned in Saudi Arabia but now the Mosque of Rome, with an area of 30,000 m², is the largest mosque in Europe and can accommodate twelve thousand people. According to Wikipedia the mosque was jointly founded by the exiled Prince Muhammad Hasan of Afghanistan and his wife, Princess Razia Begum and was financed by Faisal of Saudi Arabia, head of the Saudi royal family, as well as Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques. The project was designed and directed by Paolo Portoghesi, Vittorio Gigliotti and Sami Mousawi. Its construction took more than ten years: the Roman City Council donated the land in 1974, but the first stone was not laid for another ten years, in 1984 (1405 AH), in the presence of then President of the Italian Republic Sandro Pertini, with its inauguration on June 21, 1995.
This appears to be a Trojan horse in Rome. Sandro Magister reported that the imam who preaches the "khutba" there every Friday was sent by the theologians of the Al Azhar university in Cairo, the most authoritative university in the Muslim world. And the things said in the Rome mosque are no small matter. The sermon of June 6, 2003, culminated with the following invocations, interspersed with the "Amen"s of the congregation:"O Allah, grant victory to the Islamic fighters in Palestine, Chechnya, and elsewhere in the world! O Allah, destroy the homes of the enemies of Islam! O Allah, help us to annihilate the enemies of Islam! O Allah, make firm everywhere the voice of the nation of Islam!"

Sunday, September 5, 2010

Muslim Abrogation

Abrogation in the Qur’an, that is, the ability for Allah to change his mind and reveal a contradictory principle to his followers, is common and not to be questioned. "Whatever a verse (revelation) do We abrogate or cause to be forgotten, We bring a better one or similar to it. Know you not that Allah is able to do all things?" "And when We change a verse (of the Qur’an) in place of another — and Allah knows best what he sends down — They (the disbelievers) say: ’You (O Muhammad) are but a Muftari! (forger, liar).’ Nay, but most of them know not." (Surah 2:106, 16:101)
This presents Allah as a God of contradictions thus making it easy for those reading the Qur’an to find nearly anything in it to justify whatever view fits with the present situation, especially in regards to fighting or punishing the infidel. If one wants to apply a principle it only requires finding the appropriate surah, preferably a most recent one that will trump an earlier revelation. Chapter 9 (Repentance) which has the most militant views about jihad is commonly understood to be of a later date in the process of revelation to Mohammed. By abrogation the Muslim is able to write off every Bible verse that contradicts the Quran.

According to the Qur’an the Muslim is considered free of all obligations and treaties made with Mushrikun (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) (Sura 9:1). And they wonder why westerners do not trust them. The Saudi flag, sporting its white sword on a holy field of green does not portray a very peaceful image. I wonder what the world would think if the United States flag had an image of an atomic mushroom cloud in a field of stars and stripes.
The double minded god is unstable in all his ways.

Thursday, August 12, 2010

Quran Burning?

To burn or Not to burn
by Dale Brown

When Dove World Outreach placed a sign out in front of their church in Florida claiming that Islam was of the devil, they got a firestorm of criticism. Later they promoted the idea to burn a Quran on 9/11 in honor of those who perished when Muslims hijacked and crashed several planes killing thousands of innocent people in an act of jihad against America. Soon others followed in the Quran burning protest.

Criticism came from several camps. Some felt that it was out of line to offend the billion plus Muslims of the world with such an act, claiming it was not a Christian thing to do. Others thought that it would be better served to study the Quran to better answer the questions of the Muslim religion.
This can be addressed in a number of ways from the Bible. First, it is not totally unbiblical to burn cultic books. In Acts 19:19 numerous books were burned by new converts in renouncing their previous ties to occultic practices. This is common even today in helping prevent them from falling back into unhealthy beliefs. Some will argue that Islam is not magic or of the occult therefore this does not apply. Many Muslims however believe the Quran to have magical powers and Allah will chastise those who do not show respect for Mohammed's revelation. In burning a Quran one makes a statement that they are not afraid of allah because he is not the God of the Bible. In many cases people are not afraid of allah, but they are terrorized of his followers however, who think they need to take matters into their own hands and act as allahs little helpers. Many Christians have a similar view of the Bible, thinking that to mark or damage a Bible will bring God's judgment up them.

The story of Gideon is helpful in understanding the biblical view of God's perspective on honoring false gods. Gideon was instructed to tear down the altars of Baal and the Asherah (Judges 6:25-31). The followers of the cult were obviously offended and wanted his hide. Gideons father told the people that if Baal was truly God he could surely take care of himself. Let Baal contend for himself.
In dealing with the false religions under the law of Moses they were instructed not only to destroy the altars but to not bring any of the related loot into your house and thus be snared by it. "And you shall not bring an abomination into your house, and like it come under the ban; you shall utterly detest it and you shall utterly abhor it, for it is somethin banned (Deu. 7:1-26). They were not to become linked to the cultists in marriage or business for fear of caving in to false religious beliefs.

The New Testament addresses this in a similar fashion. If someone comes to your house bringing some religion other than the gospel we are warned not to allow them into our house, and not to give them a greeting of friendship (2 John 7-10). This serves two purposes; one in which a statement is made to the false teacher that he needs to repent. Secondly, the person is protecting his own household from false religion. Now the argument can be made that it might be more productive to invite the person in and try to reason with them and convert them to the truth. This however is only for those who are adequately equipped for theological debate. The average person is likely to be left confused and overwhelmed by the arguments of the cultists. So, into the fireplace with the cultic literature.

Friday, April 9, 2010

A Twisted Faith?

How it may have been prevented.
by Dale Brown

Gregg Olsen’s book A Twisted Faith tells the tragic story of what started out as an Assemblies of God church that fell to deception and eventually the youth pastor ended up serving time for murdering his wife. The motive appears to have been a number of sexual relationships he was having with some of the church ladies. How could this happen to what was often described as a "full-gospel" church which prided itself in doctrinal purity? Some outside the Pentecostal camp would quickly claim it as the fruit of the Pentecostal movement. Others like our Catholic friends might not be too critical considering all the sexual issues that have cropped up in their ranks. The critical non-religious crowd might write it off simply as religious foolishness.
I write these observations as one who lived on Bainbridge Island during the events that unfolded in Olsen’s book. Several years before Nick Hacheney was convicted of murdering his wife I pastored a small church on the island. I had several people show up in my congregation who had suspicious tales that they shared as to why they had left the church in question. When someone complains about the church they just left, one must be a bit discerning as to what is really going on. Are their reasons justified, or are they simply a rebellious person that has come to cause me problems?

My wife Peggy and I took a break from being a pastor and spent a summer on the boat we were living on in the San Juan Islands. Returning to Bainbridge and for about six months we decided to attend the A/G church where Bob Smith was the senior pastor. We soon began to see some warning signs. With the help of "apostle" Robert Biley the leadership was working toward separating themselves from the Assemblies of God, which did not seem as a real problem on its own, but it appeared to us that with Mr. Biley at the helm they were headed toward extreme authoritarian control. The bible tells us that there is a safety in the multitude of counselors, so a closed system is usually headed for disaster if they are not willing to listen to advice from outside their own perspective.
Pride of having the perfect form of government or doctrine can have a blinding effect. This was the problem of the Pharisees and Sadducees who eventually rejected Christ. They were blinded by their own prejudices and misconceptions. (Luke 18:9-14)

We also noticed that there was far too much weight placed in personal prophecies without the protection of biblical principles to examine them. When someone questioned the prophecies they were quickly placed on a list of suspicious troublemakers. Now I believe God can certainly speak to us today but he is not going to contradict what he has already revealed in scripture. Nor is a prophetic revelation going to bring us under the control or power of another individual. That kind of revelation is more akin to witchcraft or a cult. We were aware of people there that were storing up rice and beans because the church had prophesied of an up and coming earthquake, which never happened. Why God was not revealing this "revelation" to the rest of the Christians in the Seattle area never seemed to occur to these people. This suggests a pride issue. That of having the inside scoop with God while no one else can hear his voice.
The problem of Nick counseling women alone was obviously a problem, however it is not likely the senior leaders were privy to most of that. The husbands of these women should have been more aware and protective of their marriages. The biblical illustration of a predator is that of a wolf, and that is the nature of the situation here. (2 Tim. 3:13)

When a church is unable or unwilling to judge itself then God will raise up people from outside its ranks to point out the problem. If that voice is not heeded then further deception will likely result. Eventually God is likely to use civil authorities to bring things under control, which is most embarrassing for the church, and Christianity as a whole. (Amos 7:10-16)

People who have gone through such painful experiences often never quite recover. They can be the most difficult people to get back on track and functioning as a healthy Christian. Others learn, and go forward and are ever more the wiser.

It is certainly not healthy to always focus on the negative but when a church refuses to listen to any voice in their midst who might be a bit negative or critical then the church can become open to deception. God has given certain people the ability to see or discern problems. Sometimes they are not able to communicate very affectively what they are seeing but their gift is valid just the same. They are like a mechanic in a factory. He may stand around with his tool belt on doing nothing but looking and listening, but when he hears the wrong sound, smells the wrong smell, he knows there is something worth paying attention to. Sometimes a pastor, on the other hand, can be too close to the situation. He cannot see the forest for all the trees.

Gregg Olsen’s book is not written as a theological piece, or published by "Peace and Harmony Publications" therefore many Christians will not read it. Others will not read it because the topic is so distasteful. Much of the Bible is distasteful however. Those who should read it probably won’t. Therefore in a few years another book will have to be written about another similar situation. Obviously hindsight is 20/20 and it is said that those who don’t learn from history are destined to repeat it. Thanks to Gregg's work many remained in a fog until they read his book.
For further information on "Use and Abuses" issues:

Thursday, March 18, 2010

Beware of Dogs?

When apostle Paul wrote to the Philippians "Beware of the dogs, beware of the evil workers, beware of the false circumcision"(Phil. 3:2) he was referring first to the Jews who were persecuting Christians attempting to persuade them that they needed to be circumcised. This was a clear reference to Psalm 22:16-20 which is a prophetic picture of the crucifixion of Christ where they cast lots for his garment. Paul was also alluding, in a broader sense, to any persecuters of the gospel. The song Mahound Dog from the CD "Beware of Dogs" plays on this theme in reference to Islam. Download at Rhapsody, Spotify, iTunes, iMusica, Napster. The music video with Mahound Dog as soundtract was removed from Youtube because it stirred up the dogs. It can now be viewed at

Monday, March 15, 2010

Eggs, Fish and Bunnies

by Dale Brown

The evolution of language and how it effects our present understanding of literature throughout history is enormous.

All alphabets derived from the original Semitic alphabet. It was adapted in one form or another by other cultures. Aleph, beth became the Greek alpha, beta and eventually became "alphabet." Much of the history of the Semitic people (Hebrews, Arabs, Assyrians, Phoenicians, etc.) is recorded in the Bible.
This evolution and the various cultures involved has effected our religious convictions and customs. Our understanding of the most important rituals of the Christian faith are influenced by words that may or may not have any real root in Christianity, and are often defined in pagan terms. This is not to say that our religion has been perverted, for a rose by any other name will smell as sweet.

To some this mere thought may come across as blasphemous, yet the evidence of one language bleeding over into another has been the case since the beginning of time.

Hermeneutics, the science of studying Biblical languages has an interesting origin. Hermes was the Greek mythological god who was typified as a great communicator or interpreter of the gods. Going back in history in Egypt the word "Hermes" means "son of Her or Ham," the "burnt one" in ancient Chaldean. To him came Cush, the father of Nimrod who built Babylon where the languages were scattered as a result of a great apostasy. Strangely enough the Egyptian kings, Ramesses and Thothmes meant "the son of Ra," (Sun) and son of Thoth. From this linguistic derivative comes the name of the Egyptian born Jew, Moses, to draw forth "child or son of." Some of these characters from Babylon came to be deified in the form of Greek Olympian gods. Hermes the interpreter became Mercury, (the slippery silvery metal) the Greek god with a silver tongue. Cush became Bel, the confounder (Chaldean) also known in Greek as Chaos the "god of confusion." Cush was the father of those who caused the confusion of the world’s languages.


There is good reason why the modern Jew and Jehovahs Witnesses question the connection of the Passover feast with the Christian Easter celebration. The word Easter, which we commonly identify with the Passover feast of Israel in reality has nothing to do with the traditional Jewish Passover nor is it of Christian origin. The Greek word for Passover pasch has been mistranslated in the King James version of the Bible (Acts 12:4). Easter in fact comes from the Canaanite and Chaldean fertility goddess Astarte (or Ishtar, depending on your linguistic origin) the queen of heaven. It was these cults that God warned his people about in the Old Testament (Jere. 44:15-19, 2 Kgs. 23;13).

Because the springtime of the year brings forth new growth the fertility cults had their spring rituals, which at times were mistakenly identified with the spring Passover celebration of the Jewish religion. Rabbits, eggs and fish (who have thousands of eggs) have therefore been used as symbols of fertility throughout the ages. Modern Pagans and Wiccans make quite an issue of some of this history.

One Roman sexual goddess was called Venus, from her name derived the word "venereal" (as in venereal disease). The Romans held Friday (die veneris, or "day of Venus") sacred. Our English word Friday comes from the old German word Fria (goddess) and Old English daeg (day). Oddly enough the fish was regarded sacred to her. All mixed up in this strange history some Christian traditions have made it a practice of eating fish on Friday. The fish also became a symbol of Christianity because of various events in the gospels having to do with fish, thus we see them (even some with legs) glued to the bumpers of automobiles. Often inside the fish symbol is seen the Greek word for fish ichthys, which has become an acronym for Iesous Christos Theo Hyios Soter, ‘Jesus Christ, of God the Son, Savior.’

Though some of this tradition is innocent enough it makes one wonder about the tradition of kissing the Pope’s fish-ring. (Oh, but Peter was a fisherman). The Pope’s suspicious wearing of a mitre cap is of the same style worn by the priest of the fish-god Dagon in ancient Mesopotamia, which represents the open mouth of a fish. The Bible is clear on how God felt about Dagon (1 Sam. 5). The Holy Spirit literally tore down the statue of Dagon.

The resurrection of Christ was accomplished by the power of God. Power in Greek dunamis is where we get the word dynamite, which, shines new light on Paul’s words, "For the word of the cross is to those who are perishing foolishness, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God." "And my message and my preaching were not in persuasive words of wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power, that your faith should not rest on the wisdom of men, but on the power of God" (1 Cor. 1:18, 2:4&5).

Why BUDDHISTS need Jesus

Buddha the Hindu
by Dale Brown
The life of Siddhartha Gautama (563-483 B.C.), who came to be known as the Buddha "the Enlightened One" is know only through the traditions of his followers. These traditions were handed down orally until several centuries after his death when they were committed to writing. By this time they had become more legend than fact.

The Buddha was born in what is now southern Nepal into a wealthy ruling Hindu family. According to tradition, at his birth it was predicted that he would become a great Universal Emperor or Teacher and that four signs would be shown him the course he should follow. His youth was spent in luxury, protected from much of the world’s misery by his father Suddhodhana.

At age twenty-nine, to his father’s dismay, he was exposed to the four signs that were to set the course of his future. For the first time in his life he saw old age (a decrepit old man), sickness (a man ravaged by disease), death (a corpse), and true serenity (a wandering religious mendicant). In reality, it is told, the men that Siddhartha saw were gods who had taken disguises in order that Siddhartha might become Buddha. The first three signs were recognized as the presence of suffering in the world. Because of the accepted Hindu idea of reincarnation, suffering was not finite but for eternity. In the fourth sign, the peaceful euphoria of the religious wanderer, became Siddhartha’s goal; to solve the riddle of suffering, how it came into being, and how to dispel it.

He then went through a soul-searching period during which he did away with his wealth and took upon himself the life style of a monk. "The Noble Quest" as Buddhist tradition calls this time helped him develop techniques of meditation and self-discipline.

When Siddhartha was thirty-five years old, while he was still struggling with the problem of suffering, he was surrounded by various gods and along came Mara, the Buddhist devil. While he went through this time of temptation he achieved "nirvana", the ultimate detachment from the world that brings an end to suffering, thus he became fully enlightened, the "Buddha".

Buddhism, like Jainism, became somewhat of a mystical protest against the Hindu Vedic ritualistic formalism and its caste system. Buddha said, "Not by birth does one become an outcast, not by birth does one become a Brahmin, (priest)". In Buddhism one deals with problems within through right thinking, conduct and spiritual discipline rather than through the rites of sacrifice to nature deities.
One’s goal is to attain Nirvana by which through right thoughts and deeds one may break the fatalistic Hindu idea of reincarnation and enter a state of calm insight, passionlessness, and wisdom, no longer subject to rebirth into the sorrows of existence.

It has been said that Buddhism, like Hinduism, is a family of religions rather than a single religion. As time passed and Buddhism was pressured out of India by the traditional Hindu priests and made its way into China and Japan. It went through many changes. At times it conflicted with the local religious beliefs but often it has homogenized with some of the ideas of the native religions. During the Sung Dynasty (920-1279) in China the Taoist and Confucian rivals found themselves borrowing from each other. In the late sixth century in Japan the Shinto ("Way of the Gods") religion became tolerant to Buddhism. As a result there are many different schools of thought and practice in Buddhism today. In Theravada doctrine Buddha is not a god but a teacher. Then, in Mahayana Buddhism there are countless Buddhas or Bodhisattvas. Innumerable manifestations in celestial and terrestrial realms give rise to a whole pantheon of Buddhas and Bodhisattvas. These become in effect deities and helpers whose aid may be sought through offerings and invocations.

With the aid of the Tibetan Book of the Dead the Lama priests or monks of Tibetan Buddhism practice various degrees of Tantric magic, exorcism, divination and celibacy. In 1587 the Grand Lama came to be called the Dalai (Ocean Wide) Lama and eventually gained both temporal and spiritual power over all Tibet. The Dalai Lamas were regarded as the patron deity of Tibet. In 1951 the Dalai Lama was driven from Tibet by Chinese Communist soldiers. Since then he has traveled abroad influencing the western world through his many lectures and public appearances.

Zen Buddhism is a form of Buddhism which became popular in Japan. It stresses meditation, which is used to free one from reliance upon ordinary objective logic. As a result the Zen Buddhist creates his own standard of reason and often appears as though he is on some kind of cosmic picnic removed from all logic and reality.
Many Buddhists are looking forward to a coming Buddha or Maitreya who they claim parallels the Christian teaching of an expected return of Christ. The problem with this parallel is that the Buddhist definition of Christ is quite different from the one given to us through the historic record of scripture.

The historical documents of Biblical Scripture tell us that Jesus, unlike Buddha, was born of a virgin. He died on the cross and shed his blood for our sins. He proved that he was more than an ordinary man by rising from the dead. This Buddha could not do.

Jesus warned us that there would be those who would come and claim they too are Christ. "Then if anyone says to you, ‘Behold here is the Christ,’ or ‘There He is,’ do not believe him. For false Christs and false prophets will arise and will show great signs and wonders, so as to mislead, if possible, even the elect." (Matt. 24:23&24)
Don’t settle for a counterfeit Christ when you can know the true and living Christ. He is ever present, to fill every void and to be your closest friend. And, in Him dwells the fullness of Deity in bodily form (Col. 2:9). He knows yoru every secret. Nothing is hidden from his eyes.

Jesus said the Holy Spirit of God would be left in His place as a comforter and teacher forever (John 14:26,16). God gives those who believe in Jesus Christ power by the Holy Spirit (Acts 1:8, 2:1-21). God worked miracles through His early followers by the power of the Holy Spirit (Mark 16:17&18) and because He is the same yesterday, today and forever, He still confirms His word through His servants today.

You too can be cleansed from your sins and filled with the Holy Spirit. If you confess with your mouth Jesus as Lord, and believed in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you shall be saved (Rom. 10:9). "WHOEVER BELIEVES IN HIM WILL NOT BE DISAPPOINTED."

If you are in need of a miracle in your life, Jesus is waiting to answer your prayer. He said, "whatever you ask in My name that I will do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son." (Jn. 14:13)
Jesus said, "Everyone therefore who shall confess Me before men, I will also confess him before My Father who is heaven. But whoever shall deny Me before men, I will also deny him before My Father who is in heaven" (Matt. 10:32&33). Therefore repent and be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ that you may be save. He who believes in the Son has eternal life; but he who does not obey the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God abides on Him (Acts 2:38, John 3:36).
Jesus said to Thomas, "I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father, but through Me." (John 14:6) Notice he did not say he was one of many ways or many paths. Either He was a liar, a lunatic or truly Lord.

Wednesday, March 3, 2010

Tithes, Offerings & Tent Making

"Pass the Loot"
By Dale Brown

A good friend once told me of an experience of being in a large health and wealth type church where a high-powered speaker was brought in to give a message about church finances. The message was laced with Bible verses about faith in God’s provision and of course the one about God loving cheerful givers. Presented like a fast talking car salesman eager to close the deal, the speaker zeroed in on his mark. My friend who was caught up in the fervor and hype soon found himself dropping his wedding ring into the offering container. Just as he heard the sound of it "thunk" on the bottom of the cardboard bucket his heart sank and he realized he had made a mistake. This was not a "free-will" offering, but an offering of compulsion made through manipulation.
Now, clearly churches have light bills and salaries to pay in order to continue doing what they do, but where does one draw the line? The Old Testament is clear about funds collected to support the work of the temple. The word tithe simply means ten percent. The most often quoted verse is in Malachi 4:8-10. "Will a man rob God? Yet you are robbing Me! But you say ‘How have we robbed thee?’ In tithes and offerings. You are cursed with a cursed with a curse, for you are robbing Me, the whole nation of you! Bring the whole tithe into the storehouse, so that there may be food in My house, so that there may be food in My house, and test Me now in this," says the Lord of hosts, "if I will not open for you the windows of heaven, and pour out for you a blessing until it overflows." It is usually pointed out that this is the only place in the Bible where God says we can test Him.

This is often preached by pastors as though they are supporting a temple with its ritual sacrifice and a hosts of priests. The problem however is that we are not living in a theocratic society, nor are we under the law of Moses. We are living under a new covenant of grace, in which God places His law on our heart by being born again. Now certainly most pastors mean well and use the offering in a just manner. However, pastors are only one member of the body of Christ and they do not represent the full expression of what God is doing on this planet. Sometimes the kingdom that is being built is not God’s but the preacher’s. This is where we as givers need to put on some critical thinking, do a bit of praying, and find out where God wants your money invested.

Those who do not like the idea of tithing are quick to point to the fact that apostle Paul made tents at times to support his ministry. Paul did this at times in order that he would not cause people to stumble over the money issue. At other times, however, Paul voiced his frustration because some were being supported while he was stressing out under the load of his ministry. "Do we not have a right to eat and drink?" "Who at any time serves as a soldier at his own expense?"(1 Cor. 9:4,7) It is most discouraging for an evangelist who is living by faith and working a job in order to reach the lost, when the local pastor is receiving a comfortable salary with medical insurance while looking for everyone else to do volunteer work to support his own private agenda. Parachurch organizations are often born out of such situations. When the traditional church does not recognize what God is doing through what they might consider unorthodox means, God is likely to remove these gifts from the local church so they can fulfill His divine purpose else where.

Tuesday, January 19, 2010


Black is not Always Beautiful
The Interpretation of the Noble Qur’an endorsed by the Saudi Chief Justice might be a difficult pill for American blacks to swallow if they read it objectively. It’s describes judgment day in ethnic terms. "So on that Day no question will be asked of man or jinni as to his sin [because they have already been known from their faces either white (dwellers of Paradise — true believers of Islamic Monotheism) or black (dwellers of Hell — polytheists, disbelievers, criminals)]. The Mujrimun (polytheists, criminals, sinners) will be known by their marks (black faces), and they will be seized by their forelocks and their feet." (see Surah 39:60, 55:39)

Thinking that Christianity is a white man’s religion some Black Muslims have a twisted understanding of slavery in the Muslim world.  Mohammed clearly allowed slavery and took women "whom your right hand possesses" (Surah 33:50) in addition to his wives for sex.  
Muslims in many countries have taken part in the slave trade. As a matter of fact, Saudi Arabia, the home of the Grand Mosque and Qa’ba of Mecca, continued slavery as a common practice until it was abolished in 1962. Though the African country of Mauritania, because of global political pressure, outlawed slavery in 1980, many Arab masters, still hold black slaves. It is not merely a sin of white Christian culture. Temptation to capitalize on the benefits of cheap labor is as broad as humanity itself. Even certain American Indian tribes were known to capture members of other clans. Human nature is not necessarily dictated by the color of our skin.